Bixa orellana L.

Common name

English: Annatto, Lipstick Tree

German: Achiote, Annato, Orleanbaum, Urucum

Mandarin: 红木 (hong mu)

Portuguese: Urucum

Classification

Kingdom: Plantae (2330)

  Phylum: Magnoliophyta (2232)

    Class: Magnoliopsida (1888)

      Order: Violales (56)

        Family: Bixaceae (2) (family description)

          Genus: Bixa (1)

           Epithet: orellana L. (1)

orellana => in reference to Maranhão, Brazil (formerly Orelhana named after Francisco de Orellana [c. 1500 - c. 1549] a Spanish explorer and conquistador)

Characteristics

Climate: tropical

Habitat: mesophytic

Habit: shrub, tree

Flower colour: pink, white

External links

Check for Bixa orellana at The Plant List, GBIF or IPNI

Literature

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